Format of a Cricket Match
What is the Format of a Cricket Match? & Duckworth-Lewis method. There are different formats of cricket matches, depending on the duration, number of overs, and rules of the game. The main formats are:
- Test cricket: This is the oldest and longest form of cricket, which lasts up to five days and consists of two innings per team. It is considered the most challenging and prestigious format. As it tests the skills and stamina of the players in different conditions. Test cricket is played only by 12 teams that have Test status. Granted by the International Cricket Council (ICC).
- One-Day International (ODI) cricket: This is a shorter and faster form of cricket, which lasts for one day and consists of one innings of 50 overs per team. It is played in colored clothing and with a white ball. Which makes it more attractive for spectators. ODI cricket is played by 20 teams that have ODI status, granted by the ICC. The ICC Cricket World Cup is held every four years. Is the most popular tournament in this format.
- Twenty20 International (T20I) cricket: This is the newest and shortest form of cricket, which lasts for about three hours and consists of one innings of 20 overs per team. It is designed to be more entertaining and exciting. With more boundaries, wickets, and variations. T20I cricket is played by 86 teams that have T20I status, granted by the ICC. The ICC World Twenty20. Which is held every two years, and is the premier tournament in this format.
- The Hundred: This is the latest format of cricket, which was introduced in 2021. And consists of one inning of 100 balls per team. It is similar to T20I cricket but with some changes in the rules and tactics. For example, the fielding side changes end after 10 balls. Bowlers can deliver either five or 10 consecutive balls. Each bowler can deliver a maximum of 20 balls per match. The Hundred is played by eight city-based teams in England and Wales.
What is the Duckworth-Lewis method?
The Duckworth-Lewis method (DLS) is a mathematical formula. That is used to calculate the target score for the team batting second in a limited-overs cricket match. That has been interrupted by weather or other circumstances. It is based on the idea that each team has two resources available to score runs: overs and wickets. The DLS method adjusts the target score according to the change in the combination of these two resources.
The DLS method works as follows:
- First, a table of standard resource percentages for different combinations of overs. And wickets are calculated using historical data and statistical models. This table shows how much of the total resources a team has at any point in their innings.
- Second, the resource percentage of the team batting first at the start of their innings is 100%, and it decreases as they lose overs or wickets. The resource percentage of the team batting second at the start of their innings is also 100%. But it may change if there is an interruption before they begin or during their innings.
- Third, if there is an interruption during the first innings. The resource percentage of the team batting first is reduced according to the overs. Or wickets they have lost or are likely to lose. The target score for the team batting second. Then calculated by multiplying the original average run rate of the team. Batting first by the revised resource percentage of the team batting first.
Fourth & Fifth…
- Fourth, if there is an interruption during the second inning. The resource percentage of the team batting second is reduced according to the overs. Or wickets they have lost or are likely to lose. The target score for the team batting second is then. Calculated by multiplying the original average run rate of the team. Batting first by the revised resource percentage of the team batting second.
- Fifth, if there are multiple interruptions during either inning. The resource percentages and target scores are recalculated after each interruption. Taking into account the previous interruptions.
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