4 Types of Organizational Culture With Examples (PDF)

Organizational Culture

Organizational culture refers to the shared values, beliefs, and behaviors that shape the way people work together within an organization. There are several models that categorize organizational culture into different types. One commonly used model is the Competing Values Framework, which identifies four types of organizational culture based on two dimensions: flexibility vs. stability and internal vs. external focus.

Clan Culture:

  • Description: This type of culture is characterized by a friendly and collaborative working environment. It emphasizes teamwork, participation, and employee development. Clan cultures often resemble a large family, where employees have a strong sense of loyalty and commitment.
  • Examples: Family-owned businesses, small startups, and organizations that prioritize employee development and collaboration.

Organizational Culture in PDF Format

Adhocracy Culture:

  • Description: Adhocracy cultures are dynamic, innovative, and creative. They encourage risk-taking, experimentation, and individual initiative. This type of culture is often found in organizations. They operate in fast-paced and unpredictable environments.
  • Examples: Tech startups, research and development units, and creative agencies that value innovation and are willing to take risks.

Market Culture:

  • Description: Organizations with a market culture are results-oriented and focused on competition. They value achievement, performance, and getting things done. Market cultures are often associated with organizations that prioritize competitiveness and market share.
  • Examples: Sales-driven organizations, financial institutions, and companies operating in highly competitive industries.

Hierarchy Culture:

  • Description: Hierarchy cultures are characterized by stability, control, and a formalized structure. They emphasize efficiency, consistency, and a clear chain of command. This type of culture is often found in large, established organizations.
  • Examples: Government agencies, traditional manufacturing companies, and organizations with a strong emphasis on rules and procedures.


It’s important to note that these cultural types are not mutually exclusive. An organization may exhibit characteristics of more than one type. Additionally, organizational culture can evolve over time in response to internal and external factors. If you’re looking for a PDF document with more detailed information and examples, you might want to explore academic journals, business textbooks, or organizational development resources, as they often provide in-depth analyses of organizational culture.

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