A Lesson Plan Using the 5E Model of Teaching

5E Model of Teaching

The 5E Model of Teaching is an instructional framework that involves five phases: Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate. This model is widely used in science education but can be adapted for various subjects.

Below is a sample lesson plan using the 5E Model of Teaching:

  • Subject: Science                                                       
  • Grade Level: 6
  • Topic: The Water Cycle

Engage (10 minutes)

  • Objective: Introduce the concept of the water cycle and engage students in thinking about what they already know.


  • Show a short video or an animation illustrating the water cycle.
  • Ask open-ended questions to provoke thoughts, such as: “What happens to rain after it falls?” “Where does water go when it evaporates?”
  • Encourage students to share their ideas in a class discussion.

Explore (20 minutes)

  • Objective: Allow students to explore the water cycle through hands-on activities and observations.


  • Provide each student/group with a small tray, a cup of water, a lamp, and plastic wrap.
  • Instruct them to set up a mini water cycle model using the materials. Ask them to make predictions about what will happen.
  • While students are working, circulate and ask guiding questions like, “What do you observe?” “What changes are occurring?”

Explain (15 minutes)

  • Objective: Introduce key concepts and explanations related to the water cycle.


  • Discuss the observations made during the exploration phase as a class.
  • Use visual aids, diagrams, and charts to explain the different stages of the water cycle (evaporation, condensation, precipitation).
  • Clarify any misconceptions and ensure understanding before moving on.

Elaborate (20 minutes)

  • Objective: Allow students to deepen their understanding through more complex activities.


  • Provide additional resources like articles, videos, or interactive simulations for students to explore the water cycle in more detail.
  • Have students create a diagram or poster illustrating the water cycle stages and present it to the class.
  • Facilitate a class discussion on the importance of the water cycle in maintaining the Earth’s ecosystems.

Evaluate (15 minutes)

  • Objective: Assess students’ understanding of the water cycle.


  • Assign a short quiz or worksheet that includes questions related to the water cycle.
  • Review the posters/diagrams created by students for accuracy and completeness.
  • Conclude with a class discussion, allowing students to share what they’ve learned.

Homework/Extension (Optional)

  • Assign additional reading or a project related to the water cycle for further exploration.
  • Encourage students to observe the water cycle in their everyday lives and report back with findings.
  • This lesson plan is flexible and can be adjusted based on the specific needs of your students and the available resources.

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