How was reading taught before phonics? Latest

Reading taught before phonics

Reading taught before phonics: Before the widespread adoption of phonics. As a primary method of teaching reading, various other approaches were employed. Here are a few historical methods:

  • Whole Language Approach: This method emphasizes the recognition of whole words rather than breaking them down into individual phonetic components. Students were encouraged to memorize words and recognize them by sight. The approach assumed that exposure to complete words in context would lead to better comprehension.
  • Look and Say Method: Also known as the “sight word” method, this approach involved teaching children to recognize words by sight rather than sounding them out phonetically. The idea was to develop a sight vocabulary by repeatedly exposing students to words in various contexts.
  • Word-Method: Similar to the whole language approach, the word-method involved teaching students to recognize words as whole units. It focused on vocabulary and context to help students understand and read sentences and passages.
  • Alphabet Method: In this method, students were taught the alphabet. Then moved on to sounding out words by blending individual letter sounds. This is somewhat similar to phonics but may not have been as systematic and structured as modern phonics programs.

Extra primary method of teaching reading

In addition to the historical methods mentioned earlier, another primary method of teaching reading that gained popularity is the phonemic awareness approach. Phonemic awareness is the ability to identify and manipulate individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. This approach focuses on developing a child’s sensitivity to the sounds of language before introducing specific letter-sound relationships.

Here are key components of the phonemic awareness approach:

  1. Phonemic Segmentation: Students learn to break words into individual sounds. For example, they might be asked to identify the separate sounds in the word “cat” (/k/ /a/ /t/).
  2. Phonemic Blending: This involves combining individual sounds to form a word. For instance, students might be asked to blend the sounds /c/ /a/ /t/ to say the word “cat.”
  3. Phonemic Manipulation: Students practice changing, adding, or deleting sounds within words. For example, they might change the /t/ in “cat” to /b/ to create the word “cab.”

Final Summary

While these methods had their proponents and were used to varying extents. There was a shift towards a more systematic and explicit teaching of phonics in the mid-20th century. The phonics approach gained popularity as research supported its effectiveness in helping children understand the relationship between letters and sounds, enabling them to decode words more efficiently. Today, a balanced approach that incorporates phonics along with other strategies is often recommended for effective reading instruction.

Phonemic awareness lays the foundation for phonics instruction, where students later connect these sound manipulation skills to specific letters and letter combinations. This approach is often considered a crucial precursor to reading. As it helps children develop a strong auditory foundation for understanding the phonetic structure of words. A comprehensive reading program often incorporates a combination of strategies, including phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary development, fluency, and comprehension, to provide a well-rounded approach to reading instruction.

Leave a Reply

Discover more from Teach Educator

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading